Used by dentists for more than a century, dental amalgam is the most thoroughly researched and tested restorative material among all those in use. It is durable, easy to use, highly resistant to wear and relatively inexpensive in comparison to other materials. For those reasons, it remains a valued treatment option for dentists and their patients.
Dental amalgam is a stable alloy made by combining elemental mercury, silver, tin, copper and possibly other metallic elements. Although dental amalgam continues to be a safe, commonly used restorative material, some concern has been raised because of its mercury content. However, the mercury in amalgam combines with other metals to render it stable and safe for use in filling teeth.
Major U.S. and international scientific and health bodies, including the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration and the World Health Organization, among others have been satisfied that dental amalgam is a safe, reliable and effective restorative material.
Composite fillings are a mixture of glass or quartz filler in a resin medium that produces a tooth-colored filling. They are sometimes referred to as composites of filled resins. Composite fillings provide good durability and resistance to fracture in small-to-mid sized restorations that need to withstand moderate chewing pressure.
Less tooth structure is removed with the dentist prepares the tooth, so this may result in a smaller filling that that of an amalgam. Composites can also be “bonded” or adhesively held in a cavity, often allowing the dentist to make a more conservative repair to the tooth.
A crown, also referred to a cap, is a tooth-shaped cover placed on the tooth to protect it. Pueblo Dental Center offers a variety of materials to manufacture the crown.
A bridge is used to replace a missing tooth or missing teeth. It is usually constructed of two outer crowns that are placed on the two outer teeth and a fixed pontic, or false tooth, in the middle.
Implant crowns are place on existing implant structures. These implants can be obtained at a specialist’s office.